The Unofficial LEGO Minifigure Catalog , All Minifigures, pages, hard cover. The eBook (PDF) is available on: The paper book is. This catalog presents high quality photographs of all LEGO® Minifigures The eBook is a DRM free PDF file can be viewed on your Mac, PC, iPad, and many. The Star Wars LEGO Minifigure Catalog 5th Edition - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd PREVIEW: The Unofficial LEGO Minifigure Catalog (2nd Edition).

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PREVIEW: The Unofficial LEGO Minifigure Catalog (2nd Edition). Uploaded by Christoph Bartneck Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for . Minifigure Catalog for LEGO - NOTE: LEGO® is a trademark of the LEGO Group of Unofficial LEGO Minifigure Catalog App is a must for every LEGO enthusiast!. Jul 13, LEGO set database: The Unofficial LEGO Minifigure Catalog review. Hmmm. Now that it's 19 bucks in pdf form, I might just download it.

Most of the minifigures ever produced can be seen at Bricklink Minifigure Catalog. Some of the most expensive and rare minifigures can be viewed at Rare and Expensive Lego Minifigures. Each series consists of approximately 16 new and exclusive minifigures, with a random assortment of 60 polybags per box. A new series is released every three to four months, with some having a theme i.

Monsters or masquerade and others including a wide variety of minifigs. Several blogs publish " feel guides " to help collectors figure out which minifigures are inside the opaque package.

Punk Rocker, Dino Tracker, Caveman. All CMF minifigures come with a Lego "stand". Most CMF come with an often unique accessory and many have uniquely printed body parts. Variations[ edit ] Light up light-sabers[ edit ] Other variations of the standard minifigure produced for Star Wars sets included the light-up light-saber L.

These figures look like standard minifigures, but to facilitate internal electronics, their parts cannot be removed; the only exception to this is the headgear, the left hand and arm, and each of the legs from the hips. When the head is pressed down, an LED illuminates the light-saber blade. These figures rely on battery power for their special feature. The batteries last three hours and are not intended to be replaced, although replacement is possible.

Many fans, especially children, were amenable to this innovation. Others however, particularly adult collectors, found these figures contentious, considering them to be an unwelcome gimmick.

The fact that in two cases unique characters were produced solely as L. Following the initial release of these figures Lego announced no more were to be produced, due to their unpopularity and more expensive production. One set, the Clone Turbo Tank, which featured an L. Another L. A complaint about the set was that the L.

The set was discontinued after a year with a separate identical design but with 3 extra normal minifgs replacing the L. Magnets[ edit ] Yet another variation on the minifigure is the magnet figure, from such themes as Star Wars, Batman, Indiana Jones and City. The magnet figures are not included in regular sets but are instead sold in packs of three or more. Some of these include accessories and display base bricks.

These figures include magnets in their legs, which allow them to stick to metal surfaces.


Magnet figures are nearly indistinguishable from standard figures in appearance. Unlike the LUL figures, only the torso and the hips of magnet minifigures are inseparable.

Microfigures[ edit ] Within the Lego Games theme, the Lego microfigures were released. For that name, they are about half the size of the regular Lego minifigure. The microfigures have a fixed head, small, non-movable legs which somewhat resemble normal minifigure legs, and a hint of shoulders for arms. The microfigures have found their way into commercially available sets such as Big Ben.

Nanofigures[ edit ] Lego Nanofigures are miniature versions of original minifigures, following the same general shape, but without any moving parts, roughly the same height as a regular minifigure's legs.

They were originally, from , produced in metal colors to represent statuettes, but later, from onwards, got printing to represent characters in sets produced in micro-scale, too small for regular minifigures, or to represent diminutive characters such as Ant-Man.

Baby minifigure[ edit ] In , a new minifigure mold was released which is a new baby. The baby is not like a microfigure, but rather a scaled-down minifigure of the adult one produced with arms and legs but not moveable.

Other Lego figures[ edit ] In some Lego products, figures other than standard minifigures are used. A catalog that shows all these LEGO figures is available. Technic used larger scale action figures between and These figures featured more realistic sculpts, although still distinctively angular, and featured more articulation, including bendable elbows and knees.

These figures are further distinguished from minifigures in that they cannot be easily disassembled; even the hair pieces are non-removable. Duplo includes figures that have less articulation than standard minifigures and cannot be disassembled for safety reasons. Likewise, the Fabuland collection, produced in the s, consisted of larger anthropomorphized animal characters, which also could not be easily disassembled. Belville and Scala , Lego products marketed to girls, also include larger scale figures.

These figures are similar to Technic figures in articulation, but feature less angular body sculpts. Scala figures more closely resemble dolls , in that clothes are separate from the figures and hair is made of strands rather than molded plastic. In Lego further expanded the minifigure system, with the introduction of Bionicle figures. These figures are a part of a fictional story developed by Lego, and resemble biomechanical creatures.

Initially, these figures were produced without articulation, only able to hold tools and weapons. Bionicle later got replaced with Hero Factory in In , Lego released Bionicle playsets, with minifigure variations of characters that had previously been produced in the larger Bionicle scale, notably the Toa and Visorak characters. While these minifigures did not feature movable parts, Lego released Piraka and Inika playsets in , which included minifigures with movable parts.

Moreover, play allows children with objects, such as cars and houses, but they can put learning to practice adult roles and decision-making skills as themselves into these worlds through the Minifigure. They can Bartneck, C. They are marketed as collectable items.

Each series consists of 16 different Minifigures that are individual sold in sealed and unmarked bags. Over the years, LEGO produced face bricks that map the different facial expression states and facial exag- gerations in the style of cartoon.

In this context, a facial cartoon exaggerates face features for a comical effect, and can create an entertaining, humorous, and cartoon-like description of a face. The head parts are mainly exaggerated to produce the cartoon- like facial effects that include the nose, eyes, eyebrows, lips, hair and ears.

As LEGO bricks are considered toys, the use of a cartoon like exaggeration plays an important role in the LEGO construction, as it brings together a good entertainment format.

We believe that the extensive and elaborate designs of faces on LEGO Minifigures can also inform the designers of other agents, such as computer game The Minifigure was first introduced in and refined characters and robots.

The LEGO company has developed in The patent on this iconic design was granted in hundreds of designs and can therefore be considered one of [15]. The Minifigures soon became a grant success with the most extensive set of agent faces. The Minifigure has since then been extended and modified [16]. One of the first changes was the replacement of the torso stickers with prints that were A. Facial Expressions of Emotions made directly onto the plastic. The stickers could come off due to normal wear and the aging of the glue.

In different Myers defines the bases of human emotions to involve designs for the facial expression became available [16]. Calvo and Mello proposed the following Minifigures could also be angry or scared. Including ethnic classifications: emotions as expressions, emotions as embodi- elements further extended the variety of faces.

The Indians ments, cognitive theories of emotions, emotions as social con- in the Wild West theme made a start with distinct faces. Moreover, due to the They were the first faces that included a nose. In more complexity of defining emotions, [20] gave a comprehensive skin colors were introduced within the NBA theme.

This trend was expanded fuzzy boundaries and with substantial variations in expression in the licensed themes, such as Harry Potter in In the context of our study, we focus on the was given a more natural skin color to better represent the facial expression of emotion, which is an expressive behavior actor Daniel Radcliffe.

The feeling or emotional sate , and conveyed to the observer.

Quirell Minifigure was the first to have two face printed on the Several researchers revealed that facial expressions are uni- head [16]. Rotating the head can quickly change the face of a versal across cultures such as the work by [21], [22], [23]. The licensed themes have become a major part of The most widely used definition of universal facial expression the LEGO world with the Star Wars theme taking the leading is defined by [24], and they are: disgust, sadness, happiness, role.

The Star Wars Minifigures have caught the attention of fear, anger, surprise. In addition, other work, in psychology, many collectors and guides have been published [17].

Already in facial expressions of emotions based on different intensity Minifigure key rings were introduced [18]. Minifigures levels of Activation arousal level, and it is expressed on face are also part of chess games, LED flashlights and books. A number of researchers [26], [27] have computer games.

In LEGO introduced the independent used her findings to map different intensities of basic facial Minifigure theme. Minifigures are now available that are no expressions of emotion to the face of virtual agents. Bartneck, C. Moreover, facial expressions relate not only to the way people express emotions but also to how they interpret them while expressed by others. An attempt to understand the latter, for example, is an area of research in the field of Affective Computing AC , which aims to detect the basic emotions from the face; the results can be applied in different areas, among which animation, virtual humans and robotics [20], [28].

In this paper we present a study that is focused on in- vestigating how users observe the iconic representations of the facial expressions of emotions conveyed by the LEGO minifigures over the years.

We allow participants to not only define the observed emotional facial expression of the LEGO minifigures based on the basic universal emotions, but also with different intensities of the facial expressions.

There has also ficity of questionnaires and the Likert-type scale: a predefined been a considerable debate on how much the context in which set of answers does not allow participants expressing a full an emotion appears influences its perception.

Carroll and range of opinions. Nevertheless, in our opinion the use of Russell pointed out that situational information does indeed questionnaires based on labels is a suitable and widely used influence how a face is perceived [33]. This result is of interest research technique to study six basic facial expressions [31], to the design of Minifigures, since the same head can be [32].

LEGO minifigures by definition provide a simplified combined with different bodies. The B. Design Bionicle theme could be the scariest theme at this point in time The Minifigures might not yet be as aggressive as the The Minifigures consist of a head, torso, arms, hands, hip characters in the Bionicle theme, but skeleton warriors are also and legs see figure 3.

The Minifigure has seven degrees of in their repertoire. In this study, we are trying to address the freedom and is exactly four standard bricks tall, which is equal following research questions: to 4.

A Minifigure can have accessories on its head, such as hair, helmets and hats.

Agents With Faces - What Can We Learn From LEGO Minifigures?

Accessories are also often found 1 What emotions do the face in the LEGO Minifigure around the neck, such as capes, or under the feed, such as express? Many Minifigures also hold items in their hands, such 2 How did the emotional expression of the faces change as swords, tools and books.

At times, hands, arms and legs are over time? The different parts of a Minifigure can be made of different colored plastics and prints can be made on the head, torso, II. Setup enormous variety of Minifigures.

Two Minifigures may, for example, only differ by the face that is printed on their head. We photographed all the Minifigures that were re- leased between and We identified different The face of the Minifigure is of particular importance, heads and cut them out from the photographs.

These since it gives the strongest indicator of the emotional state photos of the faces were the basis of our experiment. For of the character. People both consciously and subconsciously heads that had two faces printed on it, we randomly selected use facial expressions to communicate their emotions and either the front or the back face.

This allowed us to have only intentions through variations in gaze direction, voice tone one representative face per figure and it was not necessary to and gesture speed. Ekman showed that expressing emotions increase the already large set of stimuli.

We looked up the Bartneck, C. We then randomly selected heads. For these heads we randomly selected an associated Minifigure.


We manually checked these Minifigures and six of them were not suitable for our experiment, since the face was not clearly visible on the Minifigure. A helmet, for example, covered a large portion of the face. We created an online questionnaire that showed all the heads and the 94 Minifigures. The Participants were asked to rate the emotional expression based on the scale shown in Figure 4. It has been shown that results obtained through MT are comparable to those obtained through the conventional method of question- naires [35].

There is no substantial difference between results obtained through an online questionnaire and results received through MT. Measurements Each face was rated on five point Likert scales ranging from very weak to very intense.

The selection categories of the facial appearance are based on the work of Paul Ekman [24], who grouped the universal facial expressions into the following six categories: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise. Each of these categories has a number of intermediate facial expressions that are based on the intensity level and the expression details.

Therefore, we asked participants to give one rating on one of the six scales that were labeled: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise. With one click the participants thereby identified the emotional facial expression and rated its intensity see figure 4.

The rating scales C. Process After reading the instructions, participants started rating the randomly presented images. The participants could rate as III. Participants received one cent per rating. On average, participants rated The average response time per image was D. Participants On average, each face was rated on 3. This indicates tionnaire. MT automatically made sure that exactly 30 different that many faces are to some degree ambiguous. The data for participants rated each image.

To protect the privacy of its one face was corrupted due to a software failure and was workers, MT does not directly allow to survey demographic therefore excluded from the further analysis. The remaining data and hence this data is not available for this study. Previous faces form the basis for the statistical tests described surveys on the population of Mechanical Turk Users MTU below.

Distribution of facial expressions as many males as females [36], [37]. Mechanical Turk has been shown to be a viable, cost effective method for data collection We calculated the most dominant emotional expression per that reduces threats to internal validity [38]. MT has in addiction a reputation and two times as surprised then happiness was selected as the system in place which enables requesters and workers to dominant emotion. In case of a tie, the emotional category provide feedback.

We can therefore assume that no automatic with the higher average intensity was selected. For example, spam responses have been recorded. We performed a visual a face could have been rated 15 times as fear and 15 times inspection to check for any obvious patterns in the data, such as surprise. If the average intensity rating of fear was higher as respondents always giving the same answer. We could not than the average intensity rating for surprise, then fear was find any obvious patterns.

Most Minifigure faces have been rated as Bartneck, C. The other four emotions were and anger emerged and the clusters were significantly distant observed considerably less. Two clusters that include Emotion Count a considerable amount of happiness have been identified.

PREVIEW: The Unofficial LEGO Minifigure Catalog (2nd Edition)

We Happiness viewed some faces that are in the center of the cluster and Anger Sadness 49 interpreted their expression. We labeled the more negative form Disgust 28 of happiness as confidence. Also two types of anger have Surprise 23 emerged from the cluster analysis. One is a rather straight Fear 11 form of anger, while the other includes more mixed emotions.

The Star Wars LEGO Minifigure Catalog 5th Edition

After reviewing some central faces, we interpreted this cluster 1 Cluster Analysis: We performed a k-cluster analysis to as disdain. Cluster three loads strongly on the sadness emotion, check if the faces would fall into certain design patterns.

For but it does not seem to be as clean as for example the happiness this analysis we used the all six emotion ratings for every face. Distribution of facial expressions across time represent face F. Figure 5 shows that the number F 3. This data represents a non-weighted average. Number of new heads across years The results of this test show that too many faces were rated on too many scales.

The average was, as already mentioned above, 3. It is not possible to plot the six dimensional It is of interest to see how the proportion of a certain space that represents our data, but we believe that our data emotion might have changed over time.

Since the total number would form a widely spread cloud of points. Using a weighted of faces per years varies substantially, we used the proportions average would have not helped, since it would have not of faces in a certain emotional category instead. If in a changed the fact that the faces were rated on too many different year 20 new faces were released and 10 of them were rated scales.

We therefore decided to repeat the cluster analysis only on the basis of the frequency of the classifications. We ignored We next plotted all the faces across time see figure 7 the intensity ratings. Using the example above, Face F would based on their average intensity of their dominant emotion.

There are, for F 20 10 example, only very few faces expressing a low intensity level of fear see figure 7 c. A linear model turned out to be the best fit for in the same clusters as the emotional categories we presented all emotion categories, but the enormous spread of the data to the participants. The resulting six clusters did not match resulted in models that are not able to significantly represent the emotional categories directly.

Two variations of happiness the data. For the angry faces, the linear model was only able to Bartneck, C. Proportion of emotional categories over time Fear Happiness 5.

Table VI shows the R2 values Intensity Intensity and the significance level for each of the linear estimations. Context 3. We analyzed how the frequencies across 1. We conducted Year Year a related sample t-test in which the context face or body e Sadness f Surprise was the independent variable and the average frequencies per emotional category anger, disgust, fear, sadness and happi- Fig. Scatterplots of emotional intensities across time ness were the dependent variables.

P the body increased the mean frequency, while for disgust and Anger 7. Fear 1. Would the expression of a face become Surprise 2.Hoth Rebel Trooper lic. Nikola Dzoni Trmcic. San Francisco: No Starch Press, This could be as many as minifigues cataloged without the original authentic head. C-3PO lic.